Advantages and Disadvantages of Common Parts and Components of Forklifts
With the rapid development of world industry, the global forklift production and sales have increased year by year, especially in China’s forklift market scale. China’s economy is steadily improving and the logistics industry is booming. The forklift industry has become the best sub-sector for the growth of industrial vehicles in China and has received unprecedented attention.In 2010 and 2011, the rapid development of industrial vehicles, domestic sales and export sales to create a record high, into 2012, the forklift industry’s rapid growth has slowed, and in 2015 began to enter a new normal state of development. According to the statistics of the Association, the total sales volume of industrial vehicles by 2015 was 32,7626 units, down by 9% compared with the same period in 2014. The number of forklift trucks in China reached 200 million units, and the truck market in 2016 will still be well behaved. These large number of forklifts exist, bringing the exuberant demand for spare parts.An internal combustion forklift, containing more than 3,000 parts, about 900 kinds of parts and components. With the rapid and diverse needs of the user’s personalized customization, the R & D department is faced with complex product engineering design, resulting in a sharp increase in the number of parts. Mass, multimodal, and in-process inventory problems have been plaguing businesses, and there has been a problem for R & D personnel who can quickly make decisions about common parts when designing a new product.First of all, we have to distinguish between the forklift parts inside the standard and common parts of the concept:1, along with piecesIn the new model projects do not have to re-design and development, directly to the old models of parts used.
2, standard partsWith the standard code of the parts, components and purchased parts, refers to the general with the national standard parts, professional standard parts and so on.3, common partsIn different types, different brands or the same type of different models of products can be used interchangeably, a wide range of applications, and sometimes can not locate the standard parts.4, special partsParts used only in one product or designated parts for the brand, that is, for a particular product design or specifically for a brand R & D and numbered parts.5, non-standard partsPersonalized custom non-standard parts, by the user of the more special parts, according to the user’s detailed requirements, data and information, manufacturers for non-standard production.From the above, we can see: standard parts as long as the test standards can be common in the domestic brands between the forklift truck, and along with the common parts is actually based on the major forklift brand series of circumstances, Non-standard parts are basically not common.(Such as tires, heat sinks, filters, all kinds of hoses, spark plugs, harnesses, switches, electronic equipment, instruments, engines, and the like, which are used in general terms, Motor, etc.), in the narrow sense, all forklifts can be universal only standard fasteners (screws, nuts, washers, rivets, etc.). There are also some forklift supplies are common, such as lubricants, brake oil, antifreeze and so on.